Previous Pavilions – Serpentine Gallery Pavilions from 2000
A Listing of all the Pavilions from 2000, starting with Zaha Hadid.
Photo Credit: John Offenbach.
2011 Peter Zumthor: In collaboration with Dutch garden designer, Piet Oudolf, the concept for the 11th Serpentine Gallery Pavilion was hortus conclusus, a Contemplative Room. Through a double layered structure, visitors were transported from the urban noises and smells of the capital to a hushed and protected spiritual garden.
Photo Credit: Philippe Ruault
2010 Jean Novel: The vivid rouge red, with razor blade walls was a sharp departure from previous lightweight Serpentine structures. It’s bold geometric forms included a 12m freestanding wall, tilted and extruding, large retractable awnings and covered interiors complete with table tennis.
Photo Credit: Nick Guttridge
2009 Sanna – Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa: Like spilt mercury the 2009 installation designed by Japanese firm, SANAA, floated move the ground supported by ultra thin columns. The design connected and joined open spaces in amongst the trees while a highly polished aluminium roof caught the sky above.
Photo Credit: Nick Rochowski
2008 Frank Ghery: Designed with his son, Samuel Ghery, the design was inspired by beach hut interiors and a military catapult created by Leonardo Da Vinci. The multi-dimensional space was constructed of timber planks and fractured moving glass overhangs. The plan and circulation refers to a public street or an amphitheatre, depending on the time of day and it’s requirements.
Photo Credit: Luke Hayes
2007 Olafur Eliason and Kjetil Thorsen: The 2007 Pavilion was a joint collaboration between the internationally acclaimed artist, Olafur Eliasson, and the award-winning Norwegian architect, Kjetil Thorsen, of Snøhetta. The timber-clad structure resembled a spinning top bringing a dramatical vertical dimension to the usual one-storey pavilion. A spiralling ramp made two complete turns, allowing visitors to ascend from the Gallery lawn to it’s highest point for views across Kensington Gardens.
Photo credit: John Offenbach
2006 Rem Koolhaas and Cecil Balmond, Arup: The 2006 Pavilion was co-designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect, Rem Koolhaas,of OMA and innovative structural designer Cecil Balmond. The centrepiece of the design was a spectacular translucent inflatable canopy that floated above the Gallery’s lawn. The canopy rose and lowered itself depending on the British summer weather. Inside was an amphitheatre and frieze designed by Thomas Demand.
Photo credit: Sylvain Deleu
2005 Alvaro Siza and Eduardo Souto de Moura: In designing the Pavilion, Siza sought to ‘guarantee that the new building – while presenting a totally different architecture – established a “dialogue” with the Neo-classical house’. The result was a structure that mirrored the domestic scale of the Serpentine and articulated the landscape between the two buildings. The Pavilion was based on a simple rectangular grid, which was distorted to create a dynamic curvaceous form. It comprised interlocking timber beams that accentuated the relationship between the Pavilion and surrounding Park.
2004 MRVD: 2004 was the year the annual invite proved too ambitious and remained an unrealised project. Masterminded by Dutch ‘star-architects’, MRVD, who have also delivered the ingenious ‘Balancing Barn’, they sought to move away from the usual structure on a lawn. They proposed that a grass covered mountain engulf the entire Serpentine Gallery, with a promenade leading up to it, pulling the visitors in and around. In the end the final result proved too costly and difficult for construction.
Photo Credit: Sylvian Deleu
2003 Oscar Niemeyer: Designed by Pritzker Prize winner, Oscar Niemeyer, the 2003 design was a modernist steel, aluminium, concrete and glass structure that rested on a plinth. A ‘ruby red’ ramp echoed his design for the Museum of Contemporary Art in Niteroi, Brazil, and was chosen as it stood out against the green of the grass. Inside, the gallery styled space housed specially conceived drawings by Niemeyer while offering tranquil vantage points for Kensington Gardens.
Photo Credit: Sylvain Deleu
2002 Toyo Ito and Cecil Balmond: The exterior of the 2002 design was a complex random pattern taken from the algorithms of a rotating and expanding cube. The numerous triangles and trapezoids created a system of intersecting lines of repeating motion which were then clad or left transparent.
Photo Credit: Sylvain Deleu
2001 Daniel Libeskind: Referencing origami figures, Eighteen Turns, was created from strong angular metallic planes constructed in dynamic sequence. The folded structure encouraged an Asian inspired movement and reflection within London’s gardens and gallery. Bright aluminium panels brilliantly reflected the park fostering a special place of discovery, intimacy and gathering.
Photo Credit: Helene Binet
2000 Zaha Hadid: Is where it all started. The Serpentine Gallery asked Zaha Hadid to “radically reinvented the accepted idea of a tent or a marquee”. Her design was a triangulated roof on a steel structure spanning an impressive internal space of 600sq metres. It’ design caused such a stir the it started what has gone on to become one of the most anticipated architectural events of the year.
ALSO; You might like The Serpentine Pavilion (2012) by Herzog and de Muron and Al WeiWei.